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Kaur et al.: New insights into the cellular pathways affected in primary uterine leiomyosarcoma

Kaur S, Larramendy ML, Gentile M, Svarvar C, Koivisto-Korander R, Vauhkonen H, Scheinin I, Leminen A, Bützow R, Böhling T, Knuutila S.
Resistance to chemotherapeutic agents and radiotherapy has kept surgery the primary treatment of uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS). In search of leads for potential therapeutic targets, array CGH (aCGH) wasused to obtain a genomewide pattern of ULMS-specific genetic imbalances and to define the affected biological processes. Fine-resolution genomewide aCGH analysis wasperformed using customised 16K cDNA microarrays on 18 primary ULMS cases. Furthermore, patterns of DNA copy number changes were assessed for associations with clinical parameters, i.e., tumour grade, tumour size and patient status at last follow-up. Our aCGH results demonstrated extensive DNA copy number changes in all chromosomes. Of the 10,590 gene loci included in the analysis, 4,387 were found to be affected by DNA copy number gains and 4,518 by DNA copy number losses in at least one case. Further analyses revealed that 231 of these were commonly gained, and 265 lost in at least 20% of the cases. The gains affected loci at 1p, 1q, 2p, 3p, 6p, 8q, 10q and 18q, whereas losses were observed at 2q, 4q, 6p, 6q, 7p, 7q, 13q, 14p, 16q, 19p, Xp and Xq. Enrichment analysis of biological processes revealed the gained genes to be involved in the G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle, co-translational protein targeting to membrane, actin filament polymerisation and positive regulation of cytokine biosynthesis, whereas the genes affected by losses were associated with DNA replication, chromatin modification, telomere maintenance, meiosis, mitosis and angiogenesis. These biological processes featured prominently two well-established tumour suppressors (BRCA2, EREG) and one proto-oncogene (GFI1). No statistically significant associations were found between the aberration patterns and clinical variables. Analysis of gene pathways using aCGH uncovered the biological networks involved in malignant progression of ULMS.
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[+] Series: Uterine leiomyosarcomaCG-SER-13
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2007-08-02 15:34:15 by Sippy Kaur
2007-08-16 19:19:00 by Ilari Scheinin

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