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Catrina Ene et al.: MicroRNA Expression Profiles in Kaposi's Sarcoma.

Catrina Ene AM, Borze I, Guled M, Costache M, Leen G, Sajin M, Ionica E, Chitu A, Knuutila S.
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a mesenchymal tumor, caused by Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) with molecular and cytogenetic changes poorly understood. To gain further insight on the underlying molecular changes in KS, we performed microRNA (miRNA) microarray analysis of 17 Kaposi's sarcoma specimens. Three normal skin specimens were used as controls. The most significant differentially expressed miRNA were confirmed by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We detected in KS versus normal skin 185 differentially expressed miRNAs, 76 were upregulated and 109 were downregulated. The most significantly downregulated miRNAs were miR-99a, miR-200 family, miR-199b-5p, miR-100 and miR-335, whereas kshv-miR-K12-4-3p, kshv-miR-K12-1, kshv-miR-K12-2, kshv-miR-K12-4-5p and kshv-miR-K12-8 were significantly upregulated. High expression levels of kshv-miR-K12-1 (pā€‰=ā€‰0.004) and kshv-miR-K12-4-3p (pā€‰=ā€‰0.001) was confirmed by RT-PCR. The predicted target genes for differentially expressed miRNAs included genes which are involved in a variety of cellular processes such as angiogenesis (i.e. THBS1) and apoptosis (i.e. CASP3, MCL1), suggesting a role for these miRNAs in Kaposi's sarcoma pathogenesis.
[+] Series: Kaposi sarcomaCG-SER-413

2013-09-16 11:19:56 by Ilari Scheinin
2013-09-16 11:19:56 by Ilari Scheinin

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